Home > A definition of ‘drug mules’ for use in a European context.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2012) A definition of ‘drug mules’ for use in a European context. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

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URL: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/attachements.cfm/att_1...

The trafficking of drugs and, in particular, the use of human carriers (often called ‘drug mules’) remains a relatively hidden phenomenon, on which limited information is available. This latest EMCDDA Thematic paper explores whether a common definition of ‘drug mules’ can be developed in the European context and assesses the implications of this for data gathering and future research. The paper has its roots in a questionnaire launched by the EMCDDA in 2010 to test a proposed conceptual framework of drug couriers. Taking part in the survey were experienced professionals, academics and practitioners from a variety of countries, legal traditions and law-enforcement practices. Drug mules are reported to be transporting all of the major illicit drug types through Europe and making full use of all European transport routes. This paper draws a number of conclusions and recommendations for further investigation into drug markets and related responses.


Date:2012
Pages:46 p.
Publisher:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Corporate Creators:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication:Lisbon
ISBN:978-92-9168-498-4
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:MM-MO Crime and law > Drugs and alcohol offence > Drug offence > Illegal transportation of drugs (smuggling / trafficking)
VA Geographic area > Europe
MM-MO Crime and law > Crime > Drugs and alcohol related crime > Crime associated with drugs and alcohol production and distribution

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