Home > Substance abuse amongst adolescents in modern suburban ireland.

Halbgewachs, Colin and Ismail, Hazwani and Purewal, Kaverveer and Culkin, Sarah and Sandys, Vicki and Hadad, ZakariyahAl and Barrett, Elizabeth and Murphy, Anne Marie and Roche, Edna (2011) Substance abuse amongst adolescents in modern suburban ireland. In: Excellence in Paediatrics 2011, 30 November - 03 December 2011, Istanbul Congress Centre, Turkey.

URL: https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/ineip/pages/...

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) defines drug abuse as a pattern of substance use leading to significant impairment in functioning. One of the following must be present within a 12 month period:

Recurrent use resulting in a failure to fulfill major obligations at work, school, or home Recurrent use in physically hazardous situations (e.g., driving while intoxicated) Legal problems resulting from recurrent use Continued use despite significant social or interpersonal problems caused by the substance use.

Risk Factors The presence of risk factors can have a major influence on an adolescent's potential for substance abuse3.

Individual: poor social skills, physical/sexual abuse, poor school performance and having a positive perception of substances. Environmental: poor/absent parenting skills, family violence, parental use, poor enforcement/laws, lack of recreational activities, poor socioeconomic status and substance accessibility.

ESPAD 2007 The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs(1) (ESPAD) collects comparable data on substance use among 15–16 year-old European students in order to monitor trends within as well as between countries.

Social Context Despite the punitive measures imposed by Irish legislation, pervasive cultural norms take a more lax perspective.

43% of Irish teenagers disapprove of peers who get drunk on a regular basis, compared to 80% of their counterparts in Italy, and 74% in Greece(4). 57% of teenagers stated that it would be easy for them to get cocaine, and 61% reporting a high rate of access to ecstasy, alcohol and tobacco(5).

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Date:December 2011
Event Title:Excellence in Paediatrics 2011
Event Location:Istanbul Congress Centre, Turkey
Event Dates:30 November - 03 December 2011
Accession Number:HRB (Not in collection)
Subjects:T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
L Social psychology and related concepts > Availability or accessibility to minors
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
MA-ML Social science, culture and community > Type of society and culture > Urban society
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > Risk factors
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Substance related societal (social) problems > Underage drinking
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour

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