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Home > Cognitive predictors of problem drinking and AUDIT scores among college students.

Murphy, Philip and Garavan, Hugh (2011) Cognitive predictors of problem drinking and AUDIT scores among college students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 115 , (1-2) , pp. 94-100. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.10.011.

Evidence from a number of substance abuse populations suggests that substance abuse is associated with a cluster of differences in cognitive processes. However, investigations of this kind in non-clinical samples are relatively few. The present study examined the ability of alcohol-attentional bias (an alcohol Stroop task), impulsive decision-making (a delay discounting task), and impaired inhibitory control (aGO–NOGO task) to: (a)discriminate problem from non-problem drinkers among a sample of college students; (b) predict scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT; a measure of alcohol consumption, drinking behaviour, and alcohol-related problems) across all of the student drinkers; (c) predict AUDIT scores within the subgroups of problem and non-problem student drinkers. In logistic regression controlling for gender and age, student drinkers with elevated alcohol-attentional bias and impulsive decision making were over twice as likely to be a problem than a non-problem drinker.


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