Home > Auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence.

Gates, Simon and Smith, Lesley A and Foxcroft, David [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) No.: CD005192. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005192.pub2.

URL: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/1...

Objectives: To determine whether auricular acupuncture is an effective treatment for cocaine dependence, and to investigate whether its effectiveness is influenced by the treatment regimen.

There are no effective drugs for the treatment of cocaine dependence, and doctors do not agree on a best method of treatment. More than 400 substance abuse clinics in the USA and Europe offer a treatment for cocaine dependence called auricular acupuncture. In this treatment, needles are usually inserted into five specific points in the ear, but some clinics use only four or three of the points. In this Cochrane review the authors set out to discover whether auricular acupuncture is effective in treating cocaine dependence and whether the number of points used makes a difference. The authors searched the medical literature for studies called randomized controlled trials, in which one group of patients receives a treatment (such as acupuncture) and is compared with a similar group who receives a different treatment or no treatment (the control group). The authors found seven studies with a total of 1433 people. Most of the studies compared acupuncture with 'sham' acupuncture in which needles were inserted into random places in the ear but not into the specific points required for treatment. The studies used a variety of acupuncture techniques, using three, four, or five of the treatment points.

The studies had a number of problems with the way their results were reported. The authors conclude that there is no evidence that any form of auricular acupuncture is effective for treating cocaine dependence. They recommend that better research be done, since it was difficult for them to draw conclusions from the few available studies

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Review
Drug Type:Cocaine
Intervention Type:Alternative medical treatment
Source:The Cochrane Library
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:HJ Treatment method > Other medical treatment method
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health care administration > Health care quality control
HJ Treatment method > Treatment outcome
B Substances > Cocaine
HJ Treatment method > Other medical treatment method > Alternative medical treatment

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