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Keane, Martin (2005) The EDDRA column. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 13, Spring 2005 , pp. 21-22.

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Welcome to the tenth EDDRA (Exchange on Drug Demand Reduction Action) column and the first of 2005. The aim of this column is to inform people about the EDDRA online database, which exists to provide information to policy makers and those working in the drugs area on current demand reduction action across Europe, and to promote the role of evaluation in reducing the demand for drugs. The database is co-ordinated by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA).

In this issue, we present a summary of nine Irish projects added to the EDDRA database during 2004. Additional efforts were made during last year to identify demand reduction projects outside the Eastern Regional Health Authority (ERHA) area and to include them on the database. Inclusion of projects from outside the ERHA is an attempt to document a greater spread of activities in Ireland. To this end, we were able to add five projects from outside the ERHA area to the seven already on the database.

Projects on the EDDRA database represent ‘good practice’ interventionist work in drug demand reduction in Europe. This means that projects must be based on a logical theoretical model and must demonstrate that the aims and objectives, target group(s), activities and human and material resources required to carry out the work are consistent with the overall model. In addition, the project must include an evaluation component, meaning that it has been evaluated or an evaluation is being planned or in progress. The majority of the Irish interventions on the EDDRA database have been process evaluated in terms of the composition of the project, its implementation and the reaction of the target group(s).

Seven of the nine Irish projects (Table 1) added to the database in 2004 belong in the category of selective drug prevention. Selective prevention strategies target subgroups of the population that are deemed to be at risk of substance misuse. Subgroups can be deemed at risk by virtue of area of residence (e.g. where substance misuse is an emerging problem in an area), by membership of a particular population subgroup (e.g. experiencing social exclusion) or by age (e.g. young people). Of the remaining two projects, one delivered medical assistance to individuals with drug-related problems and the other involved harm reduction activities.

 

Table 1   Nine projects representing good practice in drug demand reduction action in Ireland added to the EDDRA database during 2004

Area of intervention

Project

Primary aim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selective prevention

County Carlow Drugs Initiative (CCDI)

Empower the local communities to develop their own resources thus enabling them to play a pro-active role in the development of drug prevention responses to drug misuse

 

County Waterford Community Based Drugs Initiative (CWCBDI)

Promote drug prevention through raising awareness in local communities affected by drug misuse

 

Frontline Community Drugs Project (Co. Waterford)

Provide a co-ordinated and integrated contact for young people between the ages of 12 and 21 who are involved in drug misuse and experiencing social exclusion because of their drug use and socio-economic background

 

Ferrybank Drug Prevention Project (Co Waterford)

Divert at risk 12–20-year-olds in Ferrybank from drug and alcohol misuse

 

Traveller Specific Drugs Initiative

Address drug use in the traveller community through working with travellers and organisations that support travellers

 

The Health Advice Café (The Gaf) Galway

Offer direct access to health services and provide health information and advice to young people

 

Killinarden Drug Primary Prevention Group (KDPPG)

Create awareness and understanding of drug misuse among children, parents and the local community of Killinarden

 

 

Medically assisted treatment

Merchants Quay Ireland Methadone Prescribing Service

Provide methadone detoxification and maintenance for clients with the purpose of reducing the harmful effects of long-term drug use

 

 

Harm reduction

Outreach Services in the Drugs/AIDS service in the Eastern Region

Provide an outreach service to individuals and communities experiencing drug- related problems

 As of 1 February 2005 there were 492 projects on the EDDRA database from 16 countries plus the European Commission1 (Table 2). Ireland contributed 46 (9%) of these projects, placing it in the top one-third of contributors. Most of the Irish projects have been submitted since 2001. 

Table 2   Number of projects on the EDDRA database ranked by country (including the EU Commission)

Country

Number of projects

Austria

58

Germany

53

Spain

52

Greece

47

Ireland

46

Netherlands

43

Italy

31

UK

27

Finland

26

Denmark

20

Portugal

19

E.U. Commission

15

Belgium

14

France

14

Luxembourg

11

Norway

9

Sweden

7

Source: EDDRA database 1 February 2005

With nearly 500 projects, the EDDRA database is a valuable resource of quality information on good project design, good implementation processes and sound indicators of effectiveness in changing or modifying the initial problem. 

1. The European Commission is represented on the EDDRA database by projects that are primarily funded by the Commission and operate on a multi-city basis across EU countries.

 

Item Type:Article
Issue Title:Issue 13, Spring 2005
Date:January 2005
Page Range:pp. 21-22
Publisher:Health Research Board
Volume:Issue 13, Spring 2005
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Programme planning, implementation, and evaluation > Programme evaluation
VA Geographic area > Europe

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