Home > Role of yoga in management of substance-use disorders: a narrative review.

Kuppili, Pooja Patnaik and Parmar, Arpit and Gupta, Ankit and Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh . (2018) Role of yoga in management of substance-use disorders: a narrative review. Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice, 9 (1) 117-22. doi: 10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_243_17

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC58121...

Substance use disorders are comparable to chronic medical illnesses and have a chronic relapsing course. Despite being significant contributors to morbidity and mortality, limited treatment options exist. The current narrative review was aimed at providing an overview of yoga therapy in substance-use disorders and discuss the relevant methodological issues. Articles published in English language till May 2017 indexed with PubMed, PubMed central, and Google Scholar were searched using search terms "Yoga," "Substance use," "Drug dependence," "Nicotine," "Tobacco," "Alcohol," "Opioids," "Cannabis," "Cocaine," "Stimulants," "Sedative hypnotics," "Inhalants," and "Hallucinogens" for inclusion in the review. A total of 314 studies were found fulfilling the stated criteria. Out of which, 16 studies were found to fulfill the inclusion and exclusion criteria and 12 were randomized control trials.

The majority of studies were available on the role of yoga in management of nicotine dependence. Sample size of these studies ranged from 18 to 624. The majority of studies suggested the role of yoga in reducing substance use as well as substance-related craving (especially in nicotine-use disorders) in short term. However, more studies are required for demonstrating the long-term effects of yoga therapy in substance-use disorder.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:AOD disorder treatment method, Alternative medical treatment
Date:March 2018
Page Range:pp. 117-122
Subjects:HJ Treatment method > Other medical treatment method > Alternative medical treatment
HJ Treatment method > Psychosocial treatment method
HJ Treatment method > Treatment outcome
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Treatment and maintenance > Treatment factors

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