Home > An analysis of the relationship between a community-based prevention program for young people with multiple and complex needs and the prevalence of crime.

Semczuk, Megan and Shakeshaft, Anthony and Knight, Alice and Maple, Myfanwy and McKay, Kathryn and Shakeshaft, Bernie [NDARC] . (2015) An analysis of the relationship between a community-based prevention program for young people with multiple and complex needs and the prevalence of crime. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. 50 p. NDARC Monograph Number 65

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Background

There is an absence of high-quality evidence about which programs are most effective in reducing juvenile offending and crime recidivism.

 

Aims

This study identifies the most common types of police incidents involving high-risk young people, describes the demographic characteristics of the persons of interest, examines the extent to which a community prevention program (BackTrack) is associated with reductions in police incidents, and identifies the perceptions of key stakeholders about the impact of BackTrack.

 

Methods

Routinely collected crime data were obtained from 1999-2013 for Armidale (the BackTrack community). Descriptive analyses identified the most common incidents and their characteristics. Segmented regression analysis of an interrupted time series estimated BackTrack’s impact, with segments specified for pre (1999-2005) and post (2006-2013) the commencement of BackTrack. A thematic analysis was applied the perceptions of police officers and the magistrate in Armidale.

 

Results

The most common types of police incidents were: break and enter dwelling; malicious damage to property; assault (non-domestic violence); and trespass. Most persons of interest were male, aged 14-17 years. A statistically significant reduction from pre- to post-commencement of BackTrack was identified for three outcomes (p≤0.05), while the fourth (break and enter) approached significance (p=0.055). A key perception was that outcomes are optimised when key stakeholders in community programs and the criminal justice system work together.

 

Conclusions

BackTrack appropriately targets high-risk young people and is effective in reducing the most common types of criminal incidents.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:Crime prevention
Source:NDARC
Date:December 2015
Pages:50 p.
Publisher:National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre
Place of Publication:Sydney
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:F Concepts in psychology > Skills > Coping skills
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Prevention by sponsor or setting > Community-based prevention
MM-MO Crime and law > Crime prevention
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Australia and Oceania > Australia

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