World Health Organization. (2011) Young people: health risks and solutions. World Health Organization, Geneva.
* More than 2.6 million young people aged 10 to 24 die each year, mostly due to preventable causes.
* About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 give birth every year.
* Young people, 15 to 24 years old, accounted for 40% of all new HIV infections among adults in 2009.
* In any given year, about 20% of adolescents will experience a mental health problem, most commonly depression or anxiety.
* An estimated 150 million young people use tobacco.
* Approximately 430 young people aged 10 to 24 die every day through interpersonal violence.
* Road traffic injuries cause an estimated 700 young people to die every day.
In any given year, about 20% of adolescents will experience a mental health problem, most commonly depression or anxiety. The risk is increased by experiences of violence, humiliation, devaluation and poverty, and suicide is one of the leading causes of death in young people. Building life skills in children and adolescents, and providing them with psychosocial support in schools and other community settings can help promote mental health. If problems arise, they should be detected and managed by competent and caring health workers.
The vast majority of tobacco users worldwide began when they were adolescents. Today an estimated 150 million young people use tobacco. This number is increasing globally, particularly among young women. Half of those users will die prematurely as a result of tobacco use. Banning tobacco advertising, raising the prices of tobacco products and laws prohibiting smoking in public places reduce the number of people who start using tobacco products. They also lower the amount of tobacco consumed by smokers and increase the numbers of young people who quit smoking.
Harmful use of alcohol
Harmful drinking among young people is an increasing concern in many countries. Alcohol use starts at a young age: 14% of adolescent girls and 18% of boys aged 13–15 years in low- and middle-income countries are reported to use alcohol. It reduces self-control and increases risky behaviours. It is a primary cause of injuries (including those due to road traffic accidents), violence (especially domestic violence) and premature deaths. Banning alcohol advertising and regulating access to it are effective strategies to reduce alcohol use by young people. Brief interventions of advice and counselling when alcohol use is detected can contribute to reducing harmful use.
Violence is one of the leading causes of death among young people, particularly males: an estimated 430 young people aged 10 to 24 years die every day through interpersonal violence. For each death, an estimated 20 to 40 youths require hospital treatment for a violence-related injury.
Promoting nurturing relationships between parents and children early in life, providing training in life skills, and reducing access to alcohol and lethal means such as firearms help prevent violence. Effective and empathetic care for adolescent victims of violence and ongoing support can help deal with both the physical and the psychological consequences of violence.
Unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death and disability among young people. Road traffic injuries take the lives of a staggering 700 young people every day. Advising young people on driving safely, strictly enforcing laws that prohibit driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs and increasing access to reliable and safe public transportation can reduce road traffic accidents in young people. If road traffic crashes occur, prompt access to effective trauma care can be life saving.
|Publisher:||World Health Organization|
|Corporate Creators:||World Health Organization|
|Place of Publication:||Geneva|
|Accession Number:||HRB (Electronic Only)|
|Subjects:||T Demographic Characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)|
T Demographic Characteristics > Underage drinker
A AOD use, abuse, and dependence > AOD related societal (social) problems > Underage drinking
G Health and disease > State of health
VA Geographic area > International aspects
G Health and disease > AOD disorder > Alcohol use
A AOD use, abuse, and dependence > AOD effects and consequences
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