Home > Online policy and practice briefings: Migrants, refugees and asylum seekers.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2017) Online policy and practice briefings: Migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

URL: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/best-practice/briefing...

Europe has a long history of migration and the diversity of its ethnicities and religions creates complex links between ethnicity and drug use. More recently, following a high level of conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, more than 1.4 million people applied for asylum in the European Union in the last half of 2015 and the first half of 2016. Over half of the asylum seekers to the European Union in 2015 (53 %) were young adults (18–34 years), the age group most likely to use substances in Europe. Some lessons may be drawn from past research on migrants to Europe but must be viewed with caution because of cultural differences and reasons for migration.

Many migrants have lower rates of substance use than their host communities, but some may be more vulnerable to substance misuse for reasons such as trauma, unemployment and poverty, loss of family and social support, and the move to a normatively lenient setting. Drugs may be used to cope with trauma, boredom, uncertainty and frustration around immigration status. Vulnerability may be aggravated by poor knowledge about and access to treatment services.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Guideline
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:AOD disorder, AOD prevention, AOD disorder harm reduction
Source:EMCDDA
Date:October 2017
Publisher:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Corporate Creators:European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication:Lisbon
EndNote:View
Subjects:MA-ML Social science, culture and community > Sociocultural discrimination concepts > Minority group (racial group, immigrant, Traveller)
VA Geographic area > Europe

Repository Staff Only: item control page