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Carew, Anne Marie and Comiskey, Catherine (2018) Treatment for opioid use and outcomes in older adults: a systematic literature review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 182 , pp. 48-57.

Galvin, Brian (2017) HRB publishes review of reviews . Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 13-14.

Kelleher, Cathy (2017) Relationship between supervised methadone consumption and retention in treatment in primary care. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 34-35.

Condron, Ita (2017) Brief intervention with methadone patients. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 63, Autumn 2017 , pp. 35-36.

Ivers, Jo-Hanna and Zgaga, Lina and Sweeney, Brion and Keenan, Eamon and Darker, Catherine and Smyth, Bobby P and Barry, Joe (2017) A naturalistic longitudinal analysis of post-detoxification outcomes in opioid-dependent patients. Drug and Alcohol Review , Early online .

Dillon, Lucy (2017) Outcomes for drug misuse treatment – an evidence review. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 62, Summer 2017 , pp. 33-34.

Gallagher, C and Radmall, Z and O'Gara, C and Burke, T (2017) Effectiveness of a national ‘Minnesota Model’ based residential treatment programme for alcohol dependence in Ireland: outcomes and predictors of outcome. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , Early online .

Lyons, Suzi (2017) 16th European Federation of Therapeutic Communities Conference. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 61, Spring 2017 , p. 16.

Galvin, Brian (2017) HRB drug and alcohol evidence review on case management. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 60, Winter 2017 , pp. 15-17.

Klimas, Jan and Wood, Evan and Werb, Dan (2017) How can we investigate the role of topiramate in the treatment of cocaine use disorder more thoroughly? Addiction , 112 , (1) , pp. 182-183.

Cousins, Grainne and Boland, Fiona and Barry, Joseph and Lyons, Suzi and Keenan, Eamon and O'Driscoll, Denis and Bennett, Kathleen and Fahey, Tom (2017) J-shaped relationship between supervised methadone consumption and retention in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in primary care: national cohort study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 173 , pp. 126-131.

Elsherif, Omar and Bannan, Ciaran and Keating, Shay and McKiernan, Susan and Bergin, Colm and Norris, Suzanne (2017) Outcomes from a large 10 year hepatitis C treatment programme in people who inject drugs: No effect of recent or former injecting drug use on treatment adherence or therapeutic response. PloS one , 12 , (6) , e0178398.

Henihan, Anne Marie and McCombe, Geoff and Klimas, Jan and Swan, Davina and Leahy, Dorothy and Anderson, Rolande and Bury, Gerard and Dunne, Colum and Keenan, Eamon and Lambert, John and Maher, David and O'Gorman, Clodagh SM and O'Toole, Thomas P and Saunders, Jean and Shorter, Gillian W and Smyth, Bobby P and Kaner, Eileen and Cullen, Walter (2016) Feasibility of alcohol screening among patients receiving opioid treatment in primary care. BMC Family Practice , 17 , (153) .

Dillon, Lucy (2016) Outcomes: drug harms, policy harms, poverty and inequality. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 59, Autumn 2016 , pp. 5-6.

Galvin, Brian (2016) Shared measurement of personal outcomes in recovery. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 58, Summer 2016 , pp. 26-27.

Murray, Denis (2016) Family therapy within an adolescent addiction treatment service. “In search of solutions". Feedback: Journal of the Family Therapy Association of Ireland , 1-15p.

Carew, Anne Marie and Pike, Brigid and Galvin, Brian (2016) Pathways through treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 57, Spring 2016 , pp. 1-4.

Simpson, Alan and Hannigan, Ben and Coffey, Michael and Barlow, Sally and Cohen, Rachel and Jones, Aled and Všetečková, Jitka and Faulkner, Alison and Thornton, Alexandra and Cartwright, Martin (2016) Recovery-focused care planning and coordination in England and Wales: a cross-national mixed methods comparative case study. BMC Psychiatry , 16 , (1) , p. 147.

Darker, Catherine D and Sweeney, Brion and Keenan, Eamon and Whiston, Lucy and Anderson, Rolande and Barry, Joseph (2016) Screening and brief interventions for illicit drug use and alcohol use in methadone maintained opiate-dependent patients: results of a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial feasibility study. Substance Use & Misuse , 51 , (9) , pp. 1104-1115.

Maguire, Catherine (2016) Resettlement outcomes for 18–21-year-old males in Northern Ireland. Irish Probation Journal , 13 , pp. 119-133.

Lyons, Suzi (2015) Predicting retention in MMT in Ireland. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 20-21.

McGuire, Vivion (2015) Coolmine Therapeutic Community annual report 2014. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 27-28.

Grehan, Martin (2015) Inchicore Bluebell Community Addiction Team – annual review 2014. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 55, Autumn 2015 , pp. 26-27.

McGivern, Aidan and McDonnell, Chloe (2015) Vulnerable families and drug use: examining care admissions of children of parents attending an Irish drug treatment facility. The Irish Social Worker , Spring , pp. 17-23.

Keane, Martin (2015) Young people in drug treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 54, Summer 2015 , pp. 12-13.

Pike, Brigid (2015) Evaluating a substance use rehabilitation programme. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 54, Summer 2015 , pp. 14-15.

Keane, Martin (2015) Urban and rural youth attending a treatment centre. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 52, Winter 2014 , pp. 11-12.

Murphy, Emma and Comiskey, Catherine M (2015) Modeling the impact of place on individual methadone treatment outcomes in a National longitudinal cohort study. Substance Use & Misuse , 50 , (1) , pp. 99-105.

Farren, Conor Kevin and Milnes, Jennie and Lambe, K and Ahern, Sinead (2015) Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for alcohol use disorder: a pilot randomised control trial. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 32 , (3) , pp. 237-246.

Smyth, Bobby P (2015) Treatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many 'reliably improve'? Irish Medical Journal , 108 , (5) , pp. 137-139.

O'Connor, Richard M and Moloney, Rachel D and Glennon, Jeffrey and Vlachou, Styliani and Cryan, John F (2015) Enhancing glutamatergic transmission during adolescence reverses early-life stress-induced deficits in the rewarding effects of cocaine in rats. Neuropharmacology , 99 , pp. 168-176.

Ivers, Jo-Hanna H and Ducray, Kevin (2015) A case study of an adolescent substance user: an adolescent community reinforcement (A-CRA) approach. International Journal of Clinical Case Studies , 1 , (102) .

Lyons, Suzi (2014) Therapeutic communities in Europe – evidence, current practices and future challenges. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 51, Autumn 2014 , p. 22.

Keane, Martin (2014) Effective team-working in mental health services. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 51, Autumn 2014 , p. 25.

Lyons, Suzi (2013) Suboxone feasibility study evaluated. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 47, Autumn 2013 , pp. 19-22.

McKenna, Olivia and Cunningham, Caitriona and Gissane, Conor and Blake, Catherine (2013) Management of the extrahepatic symptoms of chronic hepatitis C. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation , 92 , (6) , 504 -512.

Moore, Joan (2013) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , p. 20.

Klimas, Jan (2013) Which talking therapies (counselling) work for drug users with alcohol problems? Drugnet Ireland , Issue 44, Winter 2012 , p. 9.

Lyons, Suzi (2013) Trial of group psychological intervention for psychosis with cannabis dependence. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 45, Spring 2013 , pp. 12-13.

Murphy, Emma and Comiskey, Catherine (2013) Using chi-Squared Automatic Interaction Detection (CHAID) modelling to identify groups of methadone treatment clients experiencing significantly poorer treatment outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 45 , (4) , pp. 343-349.

Wells, J Elisabeth and Oakley Browne, Mark and Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio and Al-Hamzawi, Ali and Alonso, Jordi and Angermeyer, Matthias C and Bouzan, Colleen and Bruffaerts, Ronny and Bunting, Brendan and Caldas-de-Almeida, José Miguel and de Girolamo, Giovanni and de Graaf, Ron and Florescu, Silvia and Fukao, Akira and Gureje, Oye and Hinkov, Hristo Ruskov and Hu, Chiyi and Hwang, Irving and Karam, Elie G and Kostyuchenko, Stanislav and Kovess-Masfety, Viviane and Levinson, Daphna and Liu, Zhaorui and Medina-Mora, Maria Elena and Nizamie, S Haque and Posada-Villa, José and Sampson, Nancy A and Stein, Dan J and Viana, Maria Carmen and Kessler, Ronald C (2013) Drop out from out-patient mental healthcare in the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey initiative. The British Journal of Psychiatry , 202 , p. 383.

Farren, Conor Kevin and Snee, L and Daly, Pamela and McElroy, Sharon (2013) Prognostic factors of 2-year outcomes of patients with comorbid bipolar disorder or depression with alcohol dependence: importance of early abstinence. Alcohol and Alcoholism , 48 , (1) , pp. 93-98.

Meacham, R (2013) The mindfulness experience in addiction therapy. NIHS Research Bulletin , 6 , (4) , 35 p..

Lyons, Suzi (2012) Parental responsibilities and drug treatment outcomes. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 43, Autumn 2012 , p. 13.

Somers, CJ and O'Connor, John J (2012) Retrospective study of outcomes, for patients admitted to a Drug Treatment Centre Board. Irish Medical Journal , 105 , (9) , pp. 295-298.

Lyons, Suzi (2012) Drug misuse in the south eastern counties of HSE South. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 42, Summer 2012 , p. 15.

Lyons, Suzi (2012) Study findings on opiate substitution programme for adolescents. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , pp. 14-15.

Keane, Martin (2012) Detoxification: the evidence on setting and intervention. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , p. 15.

Keane, Martin (2012) CRA, ACRA and CRAFT: a brief review of the evidence. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , pp. 16-17.

Keane, Martin (2012) Implementing needle exchange programmes: the evidence base. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 41, Spring 2012 , pp. 17-18.

Comiskey, Catherine and Stapleton, Robert and Kelly, Paul (2012) Ongoing cocaine and benzodiazepine use: effects on acquisitive crime committal rates amongst opiate users in treatment. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 19 , (5) , pp. 406-414.

Carpenter, KM and Martinez, D and Vadhan, NP and Barnes-Holmes, D and Nunes, EV (2012) Measures of attentional bias and relational responding are associated with behavioral treatment outcome for cocaine dependence. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse , 38 , (2) , pp. 146-154.

Keane, Martin (2012) Review of motivational interviewing in addressing substance abuse. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 40, Winter 2011 , p. 17.

Darker, Catherine D and Sweeney, Brion and El Hassan, Haytham O and Smyth, Bobby P and Ivers, Jo-Hanna H and Barry, Joseph (2012) Brief interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in opiate-dependent methadone-maintained patients: Results from an implementation study. Drug and Alcohol Review , 31 , (3) , pp. 348-356.

Smyth, Bobby P and Fagan, John and Kernan, Kathy (2012) Outcome of heroin-dependent adolescents presenting for opiate substitution treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , 42 , (1) , pp. 35-44.

Cassidy, Eugene M and O'Sullivan, Iomhar and Bradshaw, Paula and Islam, Tariq and Onovo, Chidozie (2012) Symptom-triggered benzodiazepine therapy for alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the emergency department: a comparison with the standard fixed dose benzodiazepine regimen. Emergency Medicine Journal , 29 , pp. 802-804.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine (2011) Does concurrent cocaine use compromise 1-year treatment outcomes for opiate users? Substance Use & Misuse , 46 , (9) , pp. 1206-1216.

Whitty, Marie and MacHale, Siobhan and Murray, Frank (2011) One-year audit of an irish specialist psycho-gastroenterology hepatitis C service. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 28 , (3) , pp. 153-155.

Lyons, Suzi (2011) Keltoi residential rehabilitation programme: outcome study. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , p. 20.

Lyons, Suzi (2011) Updated Cochrane review of heroin maintenance treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 39, Autumn 2011 , pp. 18-19.

Lyons, Suzi (2011) Treated opiate users: alcohol use and treatment outcomes. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 37, Spring 2011 , p. 24.

White, Emma and Browne, Ciaran and McKiernan, Brendan and Sweeney, Brion (2011) Keltoi rehabilitation programme: post-discharge outcome study. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 18 , (5) , pp. 353-360.

Comiskey, Catherine and Stapleton, Robert (2010) Longitudinal outcomes for treated opiate use and the use of ancillary medical and social services. Substance Use & Misuse , 45 , (4) , pp. 628-641.

Stapleton, RD and Comiskey, Catherine (2010) Alcohol usage and associated treatment outcomes for opiate users entering treatment in Ireland. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 107 , (1) , pp. 56-61.

Long, Jean (2010) Physical activity as part of adolescent addiction treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 32, Winter 2009 , p. 23.

Keane, Martin (2010) Mental health and young people: a review of CBT-based interventions. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 32, Winter 2009 , p. 22.

Moore, Joan (2010) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 34, Summer 2010 , p. 24.

Comiskey, Catherine and Stapleton, Robert (2010) Treatment pathways and longitudinal outcomes for opiate users: Implications for treatment policy and planning. Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy , 17 , (6) , pp. 707-717.

Lyons, Suzi (2010) Lapse and relapse following inpatient treatment of opiate dependence. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 35, Autumn 2010 , pp. 21-22.

Long, Jean (2009) Comptroller & Auditor General report on drug treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 31, Autumn 2009 , pp. 13-14.

Turkington, Aidan and Mulholland, Ciaran C and Rushe, Teresa M and Anderson, Rick and McCaul, Rosalind and Barrett, Suzanne and Barr, Ruth S and Cooper, Stephen J (2009) Impact of persistent substance misuse on 1-year outcome in first-episode psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry , 195 , (3) , pp. 242-248.

Moore, Joan (2009) From Drugnet Europe. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 29, Spring 2009 , p. 28.

Kaner, Eileen FS and O'Dickinson, Heather and Beyer, Fiona and Campbell, F and Schlesinger, Carla and Heather, Nick and Saunders, John B and Burnand, Bernard and Pienaar, Elisabeth (2009) The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review. Drug and Alcohol Review , 28 , (3) , pp. 301-323.

Carew, Anne Marie and Kidd, Martina and Bellerose, Delphine and Long, Jean (2008) Analysis of treatment outcomes in the south east. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , pp. 1-3.

Farren, Conor Kevin and McElroy, Sharon (2008) Treatment response of bipolar and unipolar alcoholics to an inpatient dual diagnosis program. Journal of Affective Disorders , 106 , (3) , pp. 265-272.

McGuire, Vivion and Long, Jean (2008) Keltoi completes an outcome study. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 25, Spring 2008 , p. 15.

McCormick, PA and Keavney, M and O'Toole, S and Moloney, J (2008) Methadone and HCV treatment. Irish Medical Journal , 101 , (10) , pp. 316-317.

Keane, Martin (2008) Drug treatment and employment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 27, Autumn 2008 , p. 12.

Long, Jean (2008) ROSIE study shows positive impact of opiate treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 28, Winter 2008 , pp. 11-12.

Connolly, Johnny (2007) The Irish Drug Treatment Court - a view from the bench. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 24, Winter 2007 , pp. 22-23.

Mongan, Deirdre (2007) ROSIE Findings 4: summary of methadone treatment outcomes. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 23, Autumn 2007 , p. 9.

Fanagan, Sarah (2007) ROSIE Findings 3: summary of abstinence treatment outcomes. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 22, Summer 2007 , pp. 15-16.

Agyapong, Vincent and Benbow, Jackie and Browne, Roy (2007) Effectiveness of daily outpatient alcohol detoxification by an Irish public psychiatric hospital: a pilot study. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 24 , (1) , pp. 23-26.

Long, Jean and Keenan, Eamon (2007) The evidence base for treatment of problem cocaine use. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 21, spring 2007 , pp. 16-18.

Fanagan, Sarah (2007) ROSIE Findings 2: summary of detoxification treatment outcomes. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 21, spring 2007 , pp. 11-12.

Mongan, Deirdre (2007) Alcohol treatments: review of effectiveness. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 21, spring 2007 , pp. 14-15.

Kamal, F and Flavin, S and Campbell, F and Behan, C and Fagan, J and Smyth, R (2007) Factors affecting the outcome of methadone maintenance treatment in opiate dependence. Irish Medical Journal , 100 , (3) , pp. 393-97.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine (2007) Characteristics of opiate users presenting for a new treatment episode: Baseline data from the national drug treatment outcome study in Ireland (ROSIE). Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , 14 , (3) , 217- 230.

Long, Jean (2006) ROSIE study shows positive impact of treatment. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 19, Autumn 2006 , pp. 1-2.

Smyth, Bobby P and Barry, Joseph and Lane, Alison and Cotter, Amanda and O'Neill, M and Quinn, Catherine and Keenan, Eamon (2005) In-patient treatment of opiate dependence: medium-term follow-up outcomes. British Journal of Psychiatry , 187 , pp. 360-365.

Long, Jean (2004) Outcomes and experiences of methadone maintenance. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 12, December 2004 , pp. 13-14.

Doyle, Mairead and Carr, Alan and Rowen, Stephen and Galvin, Paudie and Lyons, Sheila and Cooney, Gerry (2003) Family-oriented treatment for people with alcohol problems in Ireland: a comparison of the effectiveness of residential and community-based programmes. Journal of Family Therapy , 25 , pp. 15-40.

Loughran, Hilda (2003) Teaching evidence-based addiction practice: project MATCH comes to the classroom. Journal of Teaching in the Addictions , 2 , (1) , pp. 1-15.

Rowen, Stephen (2003) The treatment of alcohol dependence in Ireland. Studies , 92 , (367) , pp. 243-247.

Keenan, Eamon and Dorman, Arthur and O'Connor, John J (1993) Six year follow up of forty five pregnant opiate addicts. Irish Journal of Medical Science , 162 , (7) , pp. 252-255.

News

[Irish Examiner] , Ó Fátharta, Conall Over 56,000 people in Ireland get help for alcohol abuse. (04 Jul 2017)

[Health Research Board] Alcohol treatment in Ireland: HRB publishes latest figures . (03 Jul 2017)

[thejournal.ie] , Murray, Sean The average person in alcohol treatment in Ireland is 41, male and started drinking at 16. (03 Jul 2017)

[Health Research Board] HRB publishes latest figures on treated drug use in Ireland 2009 – 2015. (11 May 2017)

[Independent.ie] 15 things to know about hepatitis C. (09 Aug 2016)

[Irish Medical Times] , Bourke, William Expert urges roll out of alcohol treatment pilot. (30 Oct 2015)

[thejournal.ie] Find it difficult to quit smoking? This might be why. (12 Jan 2015)

[Irish Medical Times] , Gantly, Dara Four Irish sites participate in Hep C trial. (15 May 2014)

[Irish Examiner] Pieta to franchise treatment model. (14 Nov 2013)

[thejournal.ie] Just eight out of 20 beds in operation at successful HSE rehab unit. (05 Aug 2013)

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse] Drug addicts seeking treatment are doing better. (UK). (03 Aug 2012)

[Irish Medical Times] , O'Suilliobhain, Cathal Resources must target proven treatments. (10 Jun 2010)

Report

Health Research Board. (2017) Alcohol treatment in Ireland 2009-2015. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Bates, Geoff and Jones, Lisa and Cochrane, Madeleine and Pendlebury, Marissa and Sumnall, Harry (2017) The effectiveness of interventions related to the use of illicit drugs: prevention, harm reduction, treatment and recovery. A ‘review of reviews’. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Health Research Board. (2017) Drug treatment in Ireland 2009-2015. Dublin: Health Research Board.

Ni Ogain, Eibhlin and Hodgson, Linsay (2017) Drug and alcohol recovery outcomes framework. London: Catch Impact.

Health Information and Quality Authority. (2017) Health technology assessment (HTA) of smoking cessation interventions. Dublin: Health Information and Quality Authority.

Greenwood, Ronni Michelle (2016) Novas community detox programme evaluation: fidelity, client and programme outcomes. Dublin: Novas.

Isard, Philip (2016) A social return on investment report on the value of family support for families coping with addiction issues. Dublin: National Family Support Network.

Dermody, Aoife and Banka, P (2015) Evaluation of CARE (Community alcohol response and engagement) pilot project. Dublin: Ballymun Local Drugs & Alcohol Task Force and Quality Matters.

Ana Liffey Drug Project. (2015) Ana Liffey drug project position paper on the provision of low threshold residential stabilisation service (LTRSS)in Ireland. Dublin: Ana Liffey Drug Project.

Ireland. Department of Health. (2015) Profile table of priority areas, actions and deliverables for the period 2015- 2017. Dublin: Department of Health.

Babineau, Kate and Harris, Anita (2015) Pathways through treatment: a mixed-methods longitudinal outcomes study of Coolmine therapeutic community. Dublin: Coolmine Therapeutic Community.

Dermody, Aoife and Gardner, Caroline (2014) Dublin 12 alcohol programme evaluation. Dublin: Dublin 12 Local Drugs Task Force and Addiction Response Crumlin.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2014) Residential treatment for drug use in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Kidd, Martina (2014) Data co-ordination overview of drug misuse 2013. Waterford: Health Service Executive.

Kidd, Martina (2013) Data co-ordination overview of drug misuse 2012. Waterford: Health Service Executive South.

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. (2012) From access to recovery: analysing six years of drug treatment data. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

Kidd, Martina (2012) Data co-ordination overview of drug misuse 2011. Waterford: Health Service Executive South.

Kidd, Martina (2011) Data co-ordination overview of drug misuse 2009/2010. Waterford: Health Service Executive South.

Department of Health. National Drug Treatment Monitoring System. (2011) Statistics from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System. (NDTMS)1 April 2010–31 March 2011. Vol. 1: The numbers. London: National Drug Treatment Monitoring System.

National Advisory Committee on Drugs. Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul and Leckey, Y and McCullough, L and O’Duill, B and Stapleton, Robert and White, Emma (2009) The ROSIE study: Drug treatment outcomes in Ireland. Dublin: Stationery Office.

Comptroller and Auditor General. (2009) Comptroller and Auditor General special report: Drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation. Government of Ireland.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2009) Principles of drug addiction treatment: a research-based guide. Bethesda, Maryland: National Institutes of Health.

Cox, Gemma and Kelly, Paul and Comiskey, Catherine (2008) ROSIE Findings 5: gender similarities and differences in outcomes at 1-year. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul and Stapleton, Robert (2008) ROSIE Findings 7: a summary of outcomes for the per-protocol population. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul and Stapleton, Robert (2008) ROSIE Findings 6: a summary of 3-year outcomes. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 4: summary of 1-year outcomes: methadone modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 2: summary of 1-year outcomes: detoxification modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Campbell, Angela and Finch, Emily and Brotchie, Janet and Davis, Paul (2007) The International treatment effectiveness project: implementing psychosocial interventions for adult drug misusers. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.

Byrne, Declan (2007) Forging a new template: proposing a more effective way of working with drug users. Dublin: Kilbarrack Coast Community Programme.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2007) Treatment of problem cocaine use: a review of the literature. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul (2007) ROSIE Findings 3: summary of 1-year outcomes: abstinence modality. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Comiskey, Catherine and Cox, Gemma and Sheehy, Louis and Kelly, Paul and Leckey, Yvonne and O’Duill, Barry (2007) ROSIE baseline data. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Raistrick, Duncan and Heather, Nick and Godfrey, Christine (2006) Review of the effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems. London: National Treatment Agency.

Comiskey, Catherine and O'Sullivan, Karin and Cronly, Jennifer (2006) Hazardous journeys to better places: positive outcomes and negative risks associated with the care pathway before, during and after an admittance to the Dochas Centre, Mountjoy Women's Prison, Dublin, Ireland. Dublin: Health Service Executive.

Cox, Gemma and Comiskey, Catherine and Kelly, Paul and Cronly, Jennifer (2006) ROSIE Findings 1: summary of 1-year outcomes. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs.

Heather, Nick and Raistrick, Duncan and Godfrey, Christine (2006) A summary of the review of the effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems. London: National Treatment Agency.

National Treatment Agency. (2005) Young people's substance misuse treatment services-essential elements. London: National Treatment Agency.

Ludbrook, Anne (2004) Effective and cost-effective measures to reduce alcohol misuse in Scotland: an update to the literature review. Aberdeen: Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen.

Stauffacher, Michael and Arpa, Sharon and Vassilev, Momtchil (2003) Follow-up project on treatment demand: tracking long-term trends. Final report. Council of Europe, Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group).

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2003) Investing in drug abuse treatment: a discussion paper for policy makers. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2002) Annual report on the state of the dugs problem in the European Union and Norway 2002. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2002) Contemporary drug abuse treatment: a review of the evidence base. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Cox, Gemma and Cullen, Barry (2002) Aislinn Adolescent Addiction Treatment Centre evaluation report. (Unpublished) [Dublin]: [Aislinn Adolescent Addiction Treatment Centre].

Simoens, Steven and Matheson, Catriona and Inkster, Karen and Ludbrook, Anne and Bond, Christine (2002) The effectiveness of treatment for opiate dependent drug users: an international systematic review of the evidence. [Edinburgh]: Substance Misuse Division, Scottish Executive.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2001) Guidelines for the evaluation of outreach work: a manual for outreach practitioners. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Pompidou Group, Group of Experts in Epidemiology of Drug Problems. (2001) Development and testing of an exit from treatment form for clients in drug abuse treatment. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 7: outcome evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

Merchants Quay Ireland. (2000) Fáiltiú Resource Centre review 1998/99. Dublin: Merchants Quay Ireland.

WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. (2000) Evaluation of psychoactive substance use disorder treatment, workbook 6: client satisfaction evaluations. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA.

Coid, Jeremy and Carvell, Andrea and Kittler, Zelpha and Healey, Andrew and Henderson, Juliet (2000) Opiates, criminal behaviour, and methadone treatment. London: Home Office. Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.

Verster, Annette and Buning, Ernst (2000) Methadone guidelines. Amsterdam: Euro-Methwork.

Cox, Gemma and Lawless, Marie (1999) From residential drug treatment to employment: an interim report. Dublin: Merchants Quay Project.

McKeown, Kieran and Fitzgerald, Grace (1999) Treating drug addiction: an evaluation of Addiction Response Crumlin. Main report. Dublin: Addiction Response Crumlin.

Marsden, John and Gossop, Michael and Stewart, Duncan and Best, David and Farrell, Michael and Strang, John (1998) The Maudsley addiction profile: a brief instrument for treatment outcome research. Development and user manual. London: National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry.

Evidence resource

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2017) Drug Treatment Matrix cell A2: interventions - generic and cross-cutting issues. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings.

Megranahan, Karen and Lynskey, Michael T . (2017) Do creative arts therapies reduce substance misuse? A systematic review. Elsevier. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 57 50-58.

Kelly, John F and Humphreys, Keith and Ferri, Marica [The Cochrane Library] . (2017) [Protocol] Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012880

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2017) ‘My GP says I drink too much’: screening and brief intervention. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings Hot Topic (October-December 2017) 17 p.

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2017) Cycle of Change: change promoter or benevolent fiction? London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings Hot Topic (October-December 2017) 4 p.

Sumnall, Harry and Bates, Geoff and Jones, Lisa [EMCDDA] . (2017) Evidence review summary: drug demand reduction, treatment and harm reduction. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 25 p.

Dale-Perera, annette [EMCDDA] . (2017) Recovery, reintegration, abstinence, harm reduction: the role of different goals within the drug treatment in the European context. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 17 p.

Liu, Jia and Wang, Lunig [The Cochrane Library] . (2017) Baclofen for alcohol withdrawal. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8) DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD008502.pub5

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2017) Intervene beyond the family to help young problem substance users. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings (21 July 2017) 5 p.

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2017) Prison therapeutic community no better than counseling. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings (21 July 2017) 7 p.

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Gilchrist, Gail and Swan, Davina and Shaw, April and Keding, Ada and Towers, Sarah and Craine, Noel and Munro, Alison and Hughes, Elizabeth and Parrott, Steve and Strang, John and Taylor, Avril and Watson, Judith [Biomed Central] . (2017) The acceptability and feasibility of a brief psychosocial intervention to reduce blood-borne virus risk behaviours among people who inject drugs: a randomised control feasibility trial of a psychosocial intervention (the PROTECT study) versus treatment as usual. BioMed Central. Harm Reduction Journal, 14 (4) DOI: 10.1186/s12954-017-0142-5

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[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Naltrexone and acamprosate best suited to different alcohol treatment goals. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (13 December 2016) 3 p.

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[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2016) Risky-drinking inpatients respond best to multi-session brief interventions. Drug and Alcohol Findings Bulletin (11 April 2016)

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RTI International–University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center. Jonas, Daniel E and Amick, Halle R and Feltner, Cynthia and Bobashev, Georgiy and Thomas, Kathleen and Wines, Roberta and Kim, Mimi M and Shanahan, Ellen and Gass, C Elizabeth and Rowe, Cassandra J and Garbutt, James C [AHRQ] . (2014) Pharmacotherapy for adults with alcohol-use disorders in outpatient settings. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 447 p. AHRQ Publication No. 14-EHC029-EF

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Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Effect of buprenorphine dose on treatment outcome]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 15 Jul

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Therapeutic communities for offenders with co-occurring disorders]. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 15 Aug

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [naltrexone and acamprosate]. Drug and Alcohol Findings.

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[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Continuing care enhancements for cocaine-dependent patients]. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 8 May

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulltin [Seminal studies of the impact of alcohol counsellor skills and support]. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 11 April 2013

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Long-term effect of community-based adolescent treatment]. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 26 Mar

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Gender differences in client-provider relationship]. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 18 Mar

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Methadone maintenance and staff attitudes]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 25 Feb

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Assertive outreach strategies for narrowing the adolescent substance abuse treatment gap]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 15 Feb

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectivness Bank Bulletin [Drug policy: evidence for effective interventions]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 15 Feb

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Ultra-rapid opiate detoxification followed by nine months of naltrexone maintenance]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 28 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Brief interventions for impaired drivers]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 17 Jan

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Minozzi, Silvia and Amato, Laura and Bellisario, Cristina and Ferri, Marica and Davoli, Marina [The Cochrane Library] . (2013) Maintenance agonist treatments for opiate dependent pregnant women. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: . Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006318.pub3

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Copps, John and Plimmer, Dawn . (2013) Outcomes map: personal and social well-being. London: New Philanthropy Capital. 17 p.

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Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Strategies for improving outcomes of services]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 8 Octo

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Community reinforcement approach for cocaine: one year outcomes]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 19 Sep

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Effectiveness of therapeutic communities]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 11 Aug

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [Alcohol innovation programme evaluation]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 11 Aug

Recovery Orientated Drug Treatment Expert Group. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2012) Medications in recovery. Re-orientating drug dependence treatment. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 32 p.

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Medical treatment of alcohol dependence]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 21 Jun

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Effect of assessment instruments on adherence to treatment]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 21 Jun

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness bank bulletin. [Disulfiram studies]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 10 June 2012

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Motivational Interviewing interventions for adolescents]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 09 Feb

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Cognitive-behavioral motivational intervention: group versus individual format]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 25 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Comorbidity effects on treatment outcome]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 25 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Cognition, readiness to change & brief alcohol intervention]. Drug and Alcohol Findings.

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Interventions for college drinkers]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 19 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Transitioning from detox to long-term treatment]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 19 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Heroin assisted treatment]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 19 Jan

[Drug and Alcohol Findings] (2012) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin. [Heroin assisted treatment]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Drug and Alcohol Findings, 10 Jan

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[EMCDDA] (2012) Treatment options for amphetamines users. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

[EMCDDA] (2012) Treatment options for cocaine users. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. [NIDA] (2012) Principles of drug addiction treatment: a research based guide. Bethesda, md: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 76 p. NIH Publication No. 09–4180

Callanan, Meg and Ranns, Helen and Turley, Caroline and Barnard, Matt and Hussey, David and Chanfreau, Jenny and Bowles, Roger [Home Office UK] . (2012) Drug systems change pilots evaluation. Final report. London: NatCen Social Research. 135 p.

[EMCDDA] (2012) Treatment options for opioid users. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. [CASA, Columbia University] (2012) Addiction medicine: closing the gap between science and practice. New York: Columbia University.The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. 586 p.

Lingford-Hughes, AR and Welch, S and Peters, L and Nutt, DJ [British Association for Psychopharmacology] . (2012) BAP updated guidelines: evidence-based guidelines for the pharmacological management of substance abuse, harmful use, addiction and comorbidity: recommendations from BAP. Sage. Journal of Psychopharmacology 54 p. DOI: 10.1177/0269881112444324

Turnbull, Catherine and Osborn, David A [The Cochrane Library] . (2012) Home visits during pregnancy and after birth for women with an alcohol or drug problem. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) Art. No.: CD004456. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004456.pub3.

Chen, YF and Madan, J and Welton, N and Yahaya, I and Aveyard, Paul and Bauld, L and Wang, D and Fry-Smith, A and Munafo, Marcus R . (2012) Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computer and other electronic aids for smoking cessation: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Health Technology Assessment, 16 (38) 224 p.

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Cook, Ailsa and Miller, Emma . (2012) Talking points personal outcomes approach: practical guide. Edinburgh: Joint Improvement Team. 64 p.

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Minozzi, Silvia and Amato, Laura and Vecchi, Simona and Davoli, Marina and Kirchmayer, Ursula and Verster, Annette [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Oral naltrexone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) Art. No.: CD001333. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001333.pub4

McQueen, Jean and Howe, Tracy E and Allan, Linda and Mains, Diane [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Brief interventions for heavy alcohol users admitted to general hospital wards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005191.pub2

Gowing, Linda and Farrell, Michael and Bornemann, Reinhard and Sullivan, Lynn E and Ali, Robert [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Oral substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004145.pub3

Smedslund, Geir and Berg, Rigmor C and Hammerstrøm, Karianne T and Steiro, Asbjørn and Leiknes, Kari Ann and Dahl, Helene Marie and Karlsen, Kjetil [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Motivational interviewing for substance abuse. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008063

Amato, Laura and Minozzi, Silvia and Davoli, Marina and Vecchi, Simona [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Psychosocial and pharmacological treatments versus pharmacological treatments for opioid detoxification. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005031.pub4

Amato, Laura and Minozzi, Silvia and Davoli, Marina and Vecchi, Simona and Ferri, Marica and Mayet, Soraya [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Psychosocial combined with agonist maintenance treatments versus agonist maintenance treatments alone for treatment of opioid dependence. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (10) Art. No.: CD004147. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004147.pub4

[Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health] (2011) Suboxone for short-term detoxification: a review of the clinical evidence. Ottowa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Pani, Pier Paolo and Trogu, Emanuela and Vecchi, Simona and Amato, Laura [The Cochrane Library] . (2011) Antidepressants for cocaine dependence and problematic cocaine use. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12) Art. No.: CD002950. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002950.pub3

National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions. [NICE] (2010) Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and clinical management of alcohol-related physical complications. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. 30 p. NICE clinical guideline 100

The National Clinical Guideline Centre, Royal College of Physicians. [NICE] (2010) Alcohol use disorders - clinical management. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Public Health Guidance 24

World Health Organization. [WHO] (2010) ATLAS on substance use (2010). Resources for the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders. Geneva: World Health Organization. 138 p.

Minozzi, Silvia and Amato, Laura and Vecchi, Simona and Davoli, Marina [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Anticonvulsants for alcohol withdrawal. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) Art. No.: CD005064. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005064.pub3

Konghom, Suwapat and Verachai, Viroj and Srisurapanont, Manit and Suwanmajo, Somporn and Ranuwattananon, Apichart and Kimsongneun, Nipa and Uttawichai, Kanok [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Treatment for inhalant dependence and abuse. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12) Art. No.: CD007537. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007537.pub2

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2010) A long-term study of the outcomes of drug users leaving treatment. London: National Treatment Agency. 11 p.

Ohinmaa, Arto and Chatterley, Patricia and Nguyen, Thanh and Jacobs, Philip [TRIP Database] . (2010) Telehealth in substance abuse and addiction: review of the literature on smoking, alcohol, drug abuse and gambling. Alberta, Canada: Institute of Health Economics. 76 p.

Rosner, Susanne and Hackl-Herrwerth, Andrea and Leucht, Stefan and Lehert, Philippe and Vecchi, Simona and Soyka, Michael [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Acamprosate for alcohol dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004332.pub2

Castells, Xavier and Casas, Miguel and Perez-Maña, Clara and Roncero, Carlos and Vidal, Xavier and Capella, Dolors [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Efficacy of psychostimulant drugs for cocaine dependence. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) Art. No.: CD007380. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007380.pub3

Dalsbø, Therese K and Hammerstrøm, Karianne T and Vist, Gunn E and Gjermo, Hanne and Smedslund, Geir and Steiro, Asbjørn and Høie, Bjørg [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Psychosocial interventions for retention in drug abuse treatment (Protocol). London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008220

Best, David and Rome, Andrew and Hanning, Kirstie A and White, William and Gossop, Michael and Taylor, Avril and Perkins, Andy [The Scottish Government] . (2010) Research for recovery: a review of the drugs evidence base. Edinburgh: Scottish Government Social Research. 212 p.

Berends, Lynda and Connolly, Kieran and Pennay, Amy and Mugavin, Janette and Cogger, Shelley and Strickland, Heidi and Kenny, Pauline and Roberts, Bridget . (2010) Defining alcohol and other drug treatment and workforce. Victoria: Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre. 148 p.

Gowing, Linda and Ali, Robert and White, Jason M [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Opioid antagonists under heavy sedation or anaesthesia for opioid withdrawal. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002022.pub3

Mayet, Soraya and Farrell, Michael and Mani, Sivaguru G [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Opioid agonist maintenance for opioid dependent patients in prison. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1)

British Psychological Society. Pilling, Stephen and Hesketh, Kathryn and Mitcheson, Luke [National Treatment Agency (UK)] . (2010) Psychosocial interventions in drug misuse: a framework and toolkit for implementing NICE-recommended treatment interventions. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 68 p. Gateway approval reference: 11486

[Injectingadvice.com] (2010) Needle & syringe programme outcomes tool. England: Injecting Advice Ltd. 14 p.

Pani, Pier Paolo and Trogu, Emanuela and Vacca, Rosangela and Amato, Laura and Vecchi, Simona and Davoli, Marina [The Cochrane Library] . (2010) Disulfiram for the treatment of cocaine dependence. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) Art. No.: CD007024. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007024.pub2

White, William and Mojer-Torres, Lisa [ATTC Network] . (2010) Recovery oriented methadone maintenance. Chicago: Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center, the Philadelphia Department of Behavioral. 168 p.

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2009) Clinical governance in drug treatment: A good practice guide for providers and commissioners. London: National Treatment Agency. 76 p.

Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin and Hefazi, Mitra and Davoli, Marina and Amato, Laura and Amin-Esmaeili, Masoumeh and Sahimi-Izadian, Elahe and Yousefi-Nooraie, Reza [The Cochrane Library] . (2009) Pharmacological therapies for management of opium withdrawal (Protocol). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007522

Shoptaw, Steven J and Kao, Uyen and Ling, Walter [The Cochrane Library] . (2009) Treatment for amphetamine psychosis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003026.pub3

Shoptaw, Steven J and Kao, Uyen and Heinzerling, Keith and Ling, Walter [The Cochrane Library] . (2009) Treatment for amphetamine withdrawal. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003021.pub2

Smith, Erica J. and Lui, Steve and Terplan, Mishka [The Cochrane Library] . (2009) Pharmacologic interventions for pregnant women enrolled in alcohol treatment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) Art. No.: CD007361. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007361.pub2

Mattick, Richard P and Breen, Courtney and Kimber, Jo and Davoli, Marina [The Cochrane Library] . (2009) Methadone maintenance therapy versus no opioid replacement therapy for opioid dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002209.pub2

[Addiction Technology Transfer Research Center] (2009) Promoting awareness of motivational incentives (PAMI).

Deady, Mark [NADA] . (2009) A review of screening, assessment and outcome measures for drug and alcohol settings. New South Wales: Network of Alcohol & other Drug Agencies. 225 p.

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2009) Towards successful treatment completion: a good practice guide. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 61 p.

Vaz de Lima, Fabiana Benites and da Silveira, Dartiu X. and Andriolo, Regis B. [The Cochrane Library] . (2008) Effectiveness and safety of topiramate for drug dependents (Protocol). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) Art. No.: CD007369. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007369.

Lui, Steve and Terplan, Mishka and Smith, Erica J. [The Cochrane Library] . (2008) Psychosocial interventions for women enrolled in alcohol treatment during pregnancy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) 10.1002/14651858.CD006753.pub2

Macdonald, Geraldine and Turner, William [The Cochrane Library] . (2008) Treatment Foster Care for improving outcomes in children and young people. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) Art. No.: CD005649. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005649.pub

Lobmaier, Philipp and Kornor, Hege and Kunoe, Nikolaj and Bjørndal, Arild [The Cochrane Library] . (2008) Sustained-release naltrexone for opioid dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006140.pub2

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. [EMCDDA] (2007) Guidelines for the evaluation of treatment in the field of problem drug use; a manual for researchers and professionals. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. 76 p.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [NICE] (2007) Drug misuse: opioid detoxification. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Clinical Guideline 52

Department of Health (England) and the devolved administrations. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2007) Drug misuse and dependence: UK guidelines on clinical management. London: Department of Health (England), the Scottish Government, Welsh Assembly Government and Northern Ireland Executive. (NHS England Gateway reference: 8828

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [NICE] (2007) Drug misuse: psychosocial interventions. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. NICE Clinical Guideline 51

Kaner, Eileen FS and O'Dickinson, Heather and Beyer, Fiona and Campbell, Fiona and Schlesinger, Carla and Heather, Nick and Saunders, John B and Burnand, Bernard and Pienaar, Elisabeth [The Cochrane Library] . (2007) Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004148.pub3

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [NICE] (2007) Methadone and buprenorphine for the management of opioid dependence. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. NICE technology appraisal guidance 114

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [NICE] (2007) Naltrexone for the management of opioid dependence. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. NICE technology appraisal guidance 115

Knapp, Werner Paulo and Soares, Bernardo and Farrell, Michael and Silva de Lima, Maurício [The Cochrane Library] . (2007) Psychosocial interventions for cocaine and psychostimulant amphetamines related disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003023.pub2

Terplan, Mishka and Lui, Steve [The Cochrane Library] . (2007) Psychosocial interventions for pregnant women in outpatient illicit drug treatment programs compared to other interventions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006037.pub2

Perry, Amanda and Coulton, Simon and Glanville, Julie and Godfrey, Christine and Lunn, Judith and McDougall, Cynthia and Neale, Zoe [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Interventions for drug-using offenders in the courts, secure establishments and the community (withdrawn review). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) Art. No.: CD005193. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005193.pub2

Gates, Simon and Smith, Lesley A and Foxcroft, David [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) No.: CD005192. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005192.pub2.

Denis, Cecile and Fatseas, Melina and Lavie, Estelle and Auriacombe, Marc [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Pharmacological interventions for benzodiazepine mono-dependence management in outpatient settings (withdrawn review). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005194.pub2

Ferri, Marica and Amato, Laura and Davoli, Marina [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12-step programmes for alcohol dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005032.pub2

Denis, Cecile and Lavie, Estelle and Fatseas, Melina and Auriacombe, Marc [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Psychotherapeutic interventions for cannabis abuse and/or dependence in outpatient settings (withdrawn review). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005336.pub2

Smith, Lesley A and Gates, Simon and Foxcroft, David [The Cochrane Library] . (2006) Therapeutic communities for substance related disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005338.pub2

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. [National Treatment Agency (UK)] (2006) Models of care for the treatment of adult drug misusers. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 52 p. 2006 update

Gossop, Michael [National Treatment Agency (UK)] . (2005) Treatment outcomes: what we know and what we need to know. London: National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. 12 p.

Littell, Julia H and Campbell, Margo and Green, Stacy and Toews, Barbara [The Cochrane Library] . (2005) Multisystemic Therapy for social, emotional, and behavioral problems in youth aged 10-17. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Art. No.: CD004797. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004797.pub4

McCarthy, Greg and Myers, Bronwyn and Siegfried, Nandi [The Cochrane Library] . (2005) Treatment for methaqualone dependence in adults. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) . No.: CD004146. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004146.pub2

Mayet, Soraya and Farrell, Michael and Ferri, Marica and Amato, Laura [The Cochrane Library] . (2004) Psychosocial treatment for opiate abuse and dependence (withdrawn review). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004330.pub2

Faggiano, Fabrizio and Vigna-Taglianti, Federica and Versino, Elisabetta and Lemma, Patrizia [The Cochrane Library] . (2003) Methadone maintenance at different dosages for opioid dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002208

Clark, Nicolas C. and Lintzeris, Nicholas and Gijsbers, Alan and Whelan, Greg and Dunlop, Adrian and Ritter, Alison and Ling, Walter W. [The Cochrane Library] . (2002) LAAM maintenance vs methadone maintenance for heroin dependence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002210

Daley, Dennis C and Mercer, Dr Delinda and Carpenter, Gloria [NIDA] . (2002) Counseling for cocaine addiction: the collaborative cocaine treatment study model. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Therapy Manuals for Drug Addiction. Manual 4.

Slattery, J and Chick, J and Cochrane, M. and Craig, J and Godfrey, Christine and MacPherson, K and Parrott, S . (2002) Health technology assessment of prevention of relapse in alcohol dependence. Glasgow: Health Technology Board for Scotland. 288 p.

Srisurapanont, Manit and Jarusuraisin, Ngamwong and Kittirattanapaiboon, Phunnapa [The Cochrane Library] . (2001) Treatment for amphetamine dependence and abuse (withdrawn review). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003022

Teesson, Maree and Clement, Nicole and Copeland, Jan and Conroy, Andrew and Reid, Amanda [NDARC] . (2000) The measurement of outcome in alcohol and other drug treatment: a review of available instruments. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. 90 p. Technical Report No. 92

Marsden, John and Ogborne, Alan and Farrell, Michael and Rush, Brian [WHO] . (2000) International guidelines for the evaluation of treatment services and systems for psychoactive substance use disorders. WHO, UNDCP & EMCDDA. 28 p.

Dail Debates

[Oireachtas] Dail Eireann debate. Topical issue debate. Drug treatment programmes. (01 Dec 2015)

[Oireachtas] Addiction services: Motion [Private Members]. (02 Oct 2012)

[Oireachtas] 209. Deputy Catherine Byrne asked the Minister for Health the number of persons that are on the methadone treatment programme here; the cost of this programme in 2010; if there is a programme in place to assist patients to come off methadone after a certain length of time. [20265/11]. (13 Jul 2011)

[Oireachtas] 56. Ms McManus asked the Minister for Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs his views on a new report commissioned by the National Advisory Committee on Drugs and carried out by the National University of Ireland, Maynooth which shows a significant reduction in drug use and involvement in crime among serious drug users after one year's treatment; if, in view of this report, he will expand treatment and rehabilitation services. [31277/06]. (05 Oct 2006)

Book

Yates, Rowdy and Malloch, Margaret S (2010) Tackling addiction. London: Jessica Kingsley .

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Tossmann, Dr Hans-Peter and Leuschner, Fabian (2009) Internet-based drug treatment interventions: best practice and applications in EU Member States. EMCDDA Insights Series no. 10 Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction .

Miller, Peter M., ed. (2009) Evidence-based addiction treatment. Burlington, MA: Academic Press .

Eliason, Michele J (2007) Improving substance abuse treatment : an introduction to the evidence-based practice movement. Los Angeles: Sage .

Day, Ed, ed. (2007) Clinical topics in addiction: updates from advances in psychiatric treatment. Lonfon: The Royal College of Psychiatrists .

Wechsburg, Wendee M and Kasten, Jennifer J (2007) Methadone maintenance treatment in the U.S. : a practical question and answer guide. New York: Springer .

Carroll, Kathleen M and Miller, William R, eds. (2006) Rethinking substance abuse: what the science shows, and what we should do about it. New York: Guilford Press .

Emmelkamp, Paul MG and Vedel, Ellen (2006) Evidence-based treatment for alcohol and drug abuse: a practitioner's guide to theory, methods and practice. New York: Routledge .

Bean, Philip and Nemitz, Teresa, eds. (2004) Drug treatment: what works? London: Routledge .

Goldberg, Raymond, ed. (2004) Taking sides: clashing views on controversial issues in drugs and society. Guilford: McGraw-Hill .

Babor, Thomas and Boca, Frances K Del, eds. (2003) Treatment matching in alcoholism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .

Stevens, Sally J and Morrall, Andrew R, eds. (2003) Adolescent substance abuse treatment in the United States: exemplary models from a national evaluation study. New York: Haworth Press .

Waal, Helge and Haga, Egil, eds. (2003) Maintenance treatment of heroin addiction: evidence at the crossroads. Oslo: Cappelen Akademick Forlag .

Springer, David W and McNeece, C. Aaron and Arnold, Elizabeth Mayfield (2003) Substance abuse treatment for criminal offenders: an evidence-based guide for practitioners. Wahington, DC: American Psychological Association .

Gossop, Michael (2003) Drug addiction and its treatment. Oxford: Oxford University Press .

Hester, Reid K and Miller, William R, eds. (2003) Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches: effective alternatives. Boston ; London: Pearson, Allyn & Bacon .

Ghodse, Hamid (2002) Drugs and addictive behaviour: a guide to treatment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .

Stover, Heino, ed. (2001) Overview study. An assistance to drug users in European prisons. Lisbon: EMCDDA .

Seivewright, Nicholas (2000) Community treatment of drug misuse: more than methadone. London: Cambridge University Press .

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (1999) Evaluating the treatment of drug abuse in the European Union. EMCDDA Scientific Monograph Series; No. 3 Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities .

Uchtenhagen, A and Dobler-Mikola, A and Steffen, T and Gutzwiller, F and Blattler, R and Pfeifer, S (1999) Prescription of narcotics for heroin addicts: main results of the Swiss national cohort study. Medical prescription of narcotics; v. 1 Basel: Karger .

Platt, Jerome (1995) Heroin addiction: theory, research and treatment. Vol. 3, Treatment advances and AIDS. Malabar, Fla.: Krieger .

Buhringer, Gerhard and Platt, Jerome, eds. (1992) Drug addiction treatment research: German and American perspectives. Malabar, Fla.: Krieger .

Book Section

Lawless, Marie and Cox, Gemma (2003) Maintaining or enabling? An evaluation of a methadone prescribing service in Dublin City. In: Pieces of the jigsaw: six reports addressing homelessness and drug use in Ireland. Dublin: Merchants Quay Ireland , 79 - 140.

Conference or Workshop Item

Smyth, Bobby P (2011) Clinical research in the addiction service: the lows and the highs. In: Irish health research:collaboration and partnership for progress a one day seminar, 11 February, Dr. Steevens' Hospital.

Ward, Jeff (2002) Justifying drug substitution therapies: the case of methadone maintenance treatment. In: Debating Public Policies on Drugs and Alcohol, 22 September 2002, Addiction Research Centre, Trinity College Dublin.

Byrne, Joan (1997) Women and drugs: the experience of the Saol Project. In: Drugs in Dublin: Working Together We Can Make a Difference, 5th February 1997, Dublin Castle.

Thesis

Madden, Norma (2015) Identifying factors associated with retention in substance abuse treatment facilities in Ireland using logistic regression analysis. Masters thesis, Lancaster University.

O'Brien, Carmel (2014) The journey of recovery from addiction: a report evaluating the service provided via the secondary treatment programs of Tabor Lodge Addiction and Housing Services Limited. Other thesis, School of Applied Social Studies, Community-Academic Research Links, University College Cork.

Murphy, Emma Louise (2012) Modelling methadone treatment outcomes for opiate use. PhD thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Wilson, Debra L (2007) Understanding assessment and outcomes of interventions for substance misuse: a longitudinal study of practice in an addiction unit in Northern Ireland. PhD thesis, Queen's University Belfast.

Coogan, Ann Maureen (2006) The development and evaluation of a tailored treatment approach to the alleviation of addiction of Alcohol. PhD thesis, University of Ulster.

Cahill, Paul (2005) Latent variable mixture modelling: an examination of the influences and profiles of treated drug misuse in the Republic of Ireland. PhD thesis, University of Ulster.

Doyle, Mairead (2001) Residential and community alcohol treatment in Ireland: a comparison of treatment effectiveness. PhD thesis, University College Dublin.

Smith, Michael Robert (2001) 'How are you fixed?': processes and effects on entry to a methadone programme. Other thesis, University College Dublin.

Hannigan, Barbara E (1995) The process of psychological change in substance dependants residing in a therapeutic community. MSc thesis, Trinity College Dublin.

Video

Research Outcome Study in Ireland. (2009) The ROSIE study: a story of drug treatment outcomes in Ireland. NACD.

Teaching Resource

(2016) SURE: Substance Use Recovery Evaluator. London: King’s College London.

Health Research Board. (2016) National Drug Treatment Reporting System (NDTRS) protocol for completing the hard copy form. Dublin: .

(2016) Work experience questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – experience.

Leading Across London. (2014) Emotional intelligence questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - emotional intelligence. London: NHS England.

Leary, MR and Kelly, KM and Cottrell, CA and Schreindorfer, LS (2012) Need to Belong Scale. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships. Unpublished.

Lown, JM (2011) The Financial Self-Efficacy Scale (FSES). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – debt and finance.

Diener, Ed and Biswas-Diener, Robert (2009) Flourishing scale. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – sense of purpose.

James, Delyth H and French, David P (2008) Self-medicating scale. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – self-medication .

Duckworth, AL and Peterson, C and Matthews, MD and Kelly, DR (2007) 12- Item Grit Scale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-determination.

Stein, LAR and Katz, B and Colby, SM and Barnett, NP and Golembeske, C and Lebeau-Craven, R and Monti, Peter M (2006) Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire-Adolescent, Brief (AEQ-AB). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - attitudes (towards drug and alcohol use).

Scheier, MF and Wrosch, C and Baum, A and Coehn, S and Martiire, LM and Matthews, KA and Schulz, R and Zdaniuk, B (2006) Life engagement test. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – sense of purpose.

NHS Health Scotland, University of Warwick and University of Edinburgh. (2006) The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – mental health.

Russinova, Zlatka and Rogers, E Sally and Langer Ellison, Marsha (2006) Recovery-Promoting Relationships Scale. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – enabling factors.

Gross, JJ and John, OP (2003) Emotion regulation questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - emotional regulation.

Brown, KW and Ryan, RM (2003) Mindfulness questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - thinking differently.

Jacob, Katy (2002) Financial behavior. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – debt and finance.

Kroenke, K and Spitzer, R and Williams, W (2001) Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – mental health.

Oberg, D and Sallmen, B and Kaplan, C and McMurphy, S and Ackerson, T and Krantz, L and Martens, P and Schlyter, F and Turner, T (1998) Addiction Severity Index – crime. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – criminal activity; drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Christo, George (1998) Christo Inventory for Substance-misuse Services. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Marsden, John and Gossop, Michael and Stewart, Duncan and Best, David and Farrell, Michael and Strang, John (1998) Maudsley Addiction Profile. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Fry, C and Rumbold, G and Lintzeris, N (1998) Blood borne virus transmission risk. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – safer use.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-determination.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE: positive reframing subscale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - thinking differently.

Carver, CS (1997) COPE spirituality subscale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - spirituality.

Simpson, D Dwayne (1997) The Texas Christian University HIV/AIDS Risk Assessment. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – safer use.

Miller, William R. and Tonigan, JS (1996) Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale - v. 8 -- Alcohol. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Miller, William R. and Tonigan, JS (1996) SOCRATES for males’ significant other. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Miller, William R. and Tonigan, JS (1996) SOCRATES for females’ significant other. Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Schwarzer, R and Jerusalem, M (1995) General self-efficacy scale (GSE). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Phillips, J and Springer, F (1992) Self-control and self-efficacy - individual protective factors. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Phillips, J and Springer, F (1992) Individual Protective Factors Index, self-control scale. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – self-management skills.

Martin, Garth W (1991) Drug avoidance self-efficacy scale (DASES). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self-efficacy.

Fischer, JL and Spann, L and Crawford, D (1991) The Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale (SF CDS). Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – co-dependency.

Heatherton, TF and Polivy, J (1991) Appearance question. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – appearance.

Euroqol. (1990) Health Questionnaire (EQ-5D). Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – physical health.

Litman, Gloria K and Stapleton, J and Oppenheim, AN and Peleg, M (1983) Coping Behaviours Inventory (CBI). Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour - substance use / maintenance / relapse.

Center for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour. (1982) Injecting Risk Questionnaire (IRQ). Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – safer use.

Wiemann, JM (1977) Communicative competence scale. Outcomes measurement tool: employment & skills – communication skills & interpersonal skills.

Rosenberg, Morris (1965) Self-esteem (Rosberg). Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - self esteem.

Brodman, K and Erdmann, AJ and Lorge, I and Wolff, HG (1949) Health Questionnaire. Outcomes measurement tool: personal circumstances & needs – physical health.

Keyson, M and Janson, L Drinking related internal-external locus of control scale. Outcomes measurement tool: attitudes & feelings - attitudes (towards drug and alcohol use). Unpublished.

Normative influences. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

Normative influences (II): approval. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

Lubben, James Lubben Social Network Scale – 6 (Lsns-6). Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

Perception of social support/order.Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – social networks / peer relationships.

Bonding to parents and family. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – family relationships.

Parental risk factors. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – parenting.

Parental regulation. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – parenting.

Perception of parental conflict. Outcomes measurement tool: relationships – parenting.

Problem behaviour (youth). Outcomes measurement tool: drug use behaviour – prevention.

This list was generated on Fri Jan 19 03:31:26 2018 GMT.