McElrath, Karen (2004) Drug use and drug markets in the context of political conflict: The case of Northern Ireland. Addiction Research & Theory, 12 (6). pp. 577-590.
|PDF ( Drug use and drug markets in the context of political conflict) - Accepted Version|
The focus of this article addresses drug use and drug markets in Northern Ireland against the backdrop of the most recent Irish political conflict, e.g., 1969 to the present. Between 1969 and 1999, a total of 3289 individuals had died and more than 40,000 were injured as a result of the Northern Ireland political conflict. Extrapolating the data to Britain, comparable figures would reflect 111 000 fatalities and over one million injured (Hayes and McAllister, 2000).
This paper describes how the nature of the Northern Ireland political conflict contributed to low levels of drug use in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1994, the cessation of military operations by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and subsequently by mainstream Loyalist organizations led to the possibility of widespread political and social change. Use of certain drugs, namely heroin, appeared to increase from the mid-1990s, although the effects of political conflict on drug use are less clear during the post-ceasefire era.
|Page Range:||pp. 577-590|
|Keywords:||drug dealing, drug market, exposure to violence, level of violence in the context, Northern Ireland|
|Accession Number:||HRB 4051 (Available)|
|Subjects:||M Social sciences, economics, law and crime > Political process|
VA Geographic area > Europe > Northern Ireland
L Social psychology and related concepts > Collaboration and conflict
A AOD use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence of AOD use > AOD use behaviour
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