Home > Ireland: national report for 2016 - harms and harm reduction.

Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. (2017) Ireland: national report for 2016 - harms and harm reduction. Dublin: Health Research Board.

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Ireland maintains a special register which is a complete census of all drug-induced deaths. Established in 2005, the National Drug-Related Death Index (NDRDI), which is maintained by the Health Research Board (HRB), is an epidemiological database which records cases of death by drugs poisoning, and deaths among drug users in Ireland, extending back to 1998.

 

In 2014, the number of drug-induced deaths fell slightly to 214, compared with 223 deaths in 2013. The majority of those who died were male, aged in their thirties. Opiates were the most common drug associated with drug-induced deaths as per the EMCDDA Filter D inclusion criteria. Other prescription drugs are very commonly implicated in polydrug deaths. In 2014, despite the overall small decrease in drug-induced deaths, the number of deaths where methadone, heroin, cocaine and MDMA were implicated rose. This is most likely a reflection of the increase in polydrug poisonings.

 

Data on drug-related acute emergencies in the Irish context refer to all admissions to acute general hospitals with non-fatal overdoses and are extracted from the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) scheme.

 

Incidences of newly diagnosed HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) cases are notified to the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC). Notification data for 2015 are included in this workbook.

 

The number of overdose cases admitted to Irish hospitals increased marginally from 4,233 cases in 2013. However, trends over time indicate a decrease in overdose cases admitted to Irish hospitals, falling from 5,012 cases in 2005 to 4,256 cases in 2014, a reduction of 756 cases.

 

Since June 2014 there has been an increase in notifications of recently acquired HIV in people who inject drugs (PWID) in Dublin. This is possibly linked with injection of a synthetic cathinone (α-PVP). Enhanced infection control measures have been implemented. 

 

Since the pharmacy-based needle exchange programme was established the number of participating pharmacies has grown from 42 in 2011 to 115 at the end of 2014. The number of people attending these services has also increased from an average of 306 per month in 2012, to 933 per month in 2013 and 1,330 per month in 2014.

Date:2017
Pages:31 p.
Publisher:Health Research Board
Corporate Creators:Health Research Board. Irish National Focal Point to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Place of Publication:Dublin
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:G Health and disease > Drugs and alcohol disorder > Drug use > Drug intoxication > Drugs and alcohol poisoning (overdose)
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV infection
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Hepatitis C
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Drugs and alcohol prevention > Drugs and alcohol use harm reduction
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health-related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control > HIV prevention
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Policy > Policy on drugs and alcohol > Harm reduction policy
P Demography, epidemiology, and history > Population dynamics > Drugs and alcohol related mortality / death
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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