Over-the-counter codeine - from therapeutic use to dependence, and the grey areas in between.

Nielsen, Suzanne and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2016) Over-the-counter codeine - from therapeutic use to dependence, and the grey areas in between. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences , Early online .

Codeine is a widely used analgesic, that is available for sale in pharmacies over the counter (OTC) in a number of countries including the UK, South Africa, Ireland, France and Australia. In these countries with OTC codeine sales there has been emerging concerns about misuse of and dependence on codeine containing combination analgesics, with increasing numbers of people presenting for help with codeine dependence at primary care and addiction treatment services. This has led to many countries reviewing availability of codeine in OTC available preparations, and considering possible measures to reduce harms from misuse of OTC codeine containing combination analgesics.


Item Type:Article
Date:15 January 2016
Publisher:Springer
Volume:Early online
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Drugs and alcohol use, abuse, and dependence > Drugs and alcohol effects and consequences
B Drugs and alcohol substances > Opioids (opiates) > Codeine
E Concepts in biomedical areas > Drugs and alcohol substance by legal status > Over the counter drug (medicine / medication)
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > risk factors
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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