(2011) Medicines: access to controlled medicines (narcotic and psychotropic substances) factsheet. [FactSheet]
* Psychotropic and narcotic substances must be available for medical use, for example, in treatment of pain, epilepsy, opioid dependence and use in emergency obstetric care, yet access to these and other controlled essential medicines is limited.
* Fear of abuse and dependence is a major factor limiting access to opioid analgesics. In practice, most patients do not become dependent from rational medical use of opioid medicines to relieve pain.
* Access to pain treatment increased over the past two decades, but only in a small number of countries. In 2003, six developed countries accounted for 79% of global morphine consumption, while developing countries accounted for just 6%.
* Only 2% of injecting drug users in developing countries receive treatment for opioid dependence with controlled medicines.
* About 90% of people with epilepsy in Africa go untreated with essential medicines including phenobarbital, a controlled substance.
* About 70 000 maternal deaths during childbirth could be prevented each year if treatment of post-partum bleeding by either oxytocin or ergometrine, a controlled medicine, was available.
|Publisher:||World Health Organization|
|Corporate Creators:||World Health Organization|
|Place of Publication:||Geneva|
|Accession Number:||HRB (Electronic Only)|
|Subjects:||E Concepts in biomedical areas > AOD substance by legal status > Controlled substance|
VA Geographic area > International aspects
E Concepts in biomedical areas > AOD substance by legal status > Prescription drug (medicine / medication)
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